Essay on Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 1889 in Allahabad. His father’s name was Motilal Nehru and his mother’s name was Swarup rani. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of India. He received his early education at home under private tutors. Nehru loved children very much and children fondly called him Chacha Nehru. Every year his birthday is celebrated as a children’s day in India. He wrote the famous book Discovery of India. Jawaharlal Nehru gave the slogan Aaram haram hai. Pandit Nehru was the architect of modern India. He passed away in 1964.
Biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (100+ Words)
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of independent India. He was born on 14th November 1889 in Prayagraj. His father’s name was Motilal Nehru. His mother’s name was Mrs. Swaroop Rani. He received his early education at home and higher education in England to grow up to become a lawyer but he left his profession he became the leader of Congress.
His contact with Gandhiji
He organized several movements with Gandhiji. he worked hard day and night to make India a prosperous country. he had great love and affection for children. Jawaharlal Nehru has two sisters and a brother. His sister Vijay Lakshmi Pandit, Jater became the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly. his youngest sister, Krishna Hutheesing, became a noted writer and authored several books on her brother. His birthday celebrates as a children’s day. The life journey and the story of Indian independence are chronicled in his autograph, which is called ‘discovery of India’. He died on 27th May 1964 at the age of 74.
Famous slogans of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- We live in a wonderful world that is full of beauty, charm & adventure.
There is no end to the adventures we can have if only we seek them with our eyes open.
- Failure comes only when we forget our ideals and objectives and principles.
- Children do not think of differences amongst themselves.
- Children are like buds in a garden and should be carefully and lovingly nurtured, as they are the future of the nation and the citizens of tomorrow. Only through the right education can I build a better order in society.
- A language is something infinitely greater than grammar and philology. It is the poetic testament of the genius of a race and a culture, and the living embodiment of the thoughts and fancies that have moulded them.
- Time is not measured by the passing of years but by what one does, what one feels, and what one achieves.
- Children are like buds in a garden and should be carefully and lovingly nurtured, as they are the future of the nation and the citizens of tomorrow.
About Jawaharlal Nehru
- Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14th November 1889 in Prayagraj and died on 27th of may in Delhi.
- He was a famous Indian independence activist and the first Prime Minister of India.
- His autobiography was written between June 1934 and February 1935, while he was incarcerated in jail.
- The original title suggested by the author was In and out of prison” With the subtitle An Autobiographical Narrative with musings of recent events in India.
- As a student, he had been interested in the struggle of all nations that suffered under foreign rule. He took a keen interest in the Sinn Fein Movement in Ireland.
- He returned to India in 1912 and plunged straight into politics. Here, he was inevitably drawn into the struggle for independence.
- Nehru became the General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee in September 1923.
- 1926: Nehru toured Italy, Switzerland, England, Belgium, Germany, and Russia 1926. He attended the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities in Brussels, Belgium as an official delegate of the Indian National Congress.
- He was lathi-charged in Lucknow in 1928 while leading a procession against the Simon commission.
- He also founded the ‘Independence for India League’ along with Subhas Chandra Bose, which advocated complete severance of the British connection with India, and became its General Secretary.
- Nehru was elected President of the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress, where complete independence for the country was adopted as the goal. At midnight on New Year’s Eve 1929, Nehru hoisted the tricolour and drafted a resolution, Fundamental Rights and Economic Policy in 1929-31 which had the core aims of the congress and the future of the nation.
- The Congress party ratified the resolution in the Karachi Session, 1931, chaired by Saradar Vallabhai Patel of India upon the banks of the Ravi in Lahore.
Most important Chapters in his autograph.
- Descents from Kashmir
- Harrow and Cambridge
- The coming of Gandhiji: Satyagrah and Amritsar
- In Naini Prison
- The record of British Rule
Descents of Kashmir
- In the first chapter, Nehru describes his lonely childhood in a large prosperous family And also narrates the story of his Kashmiri origins from that of an ancestor named Raj Kaul, who probably migrated to Delhi at Emperor Farukhsiar’s instance.
- Nehru opens and closes his autobiographical narrative with apt quotations. The opening quotation from Abraham Cowley refers to the dilemma of an autobiographer. His task, as Cowley says, is both hard and nice, nice perhaps because it grates his own heart to say anything of disparagement and hard because it grates the reader’s ears to hear anything of praise for him. The closing epigraph from the Talmud talks of the essential incompleteness of human labour.
- The entire account of his early life and descent from Kashmir is included in the article.
Harrow and Cambridge
- In this chapter, Nehru talks about his education in England.
- At Harrow Trinity College Cambridge and the Inner Temple.
- He also talks of Indian students and Indian leaders that he met there.
- He also writes of his agitation at the big events in Indian politics and of his vague dreams of playing a gallant part in the fight for freedom
- Tile’s chapter inevitably talks of his father’s “moderate brand of politics and his frank dislike of religious nationalism”
- A view that Nehru himself shared. Writing about himself as he was thirty years before.